List of Recommended Reading


Brumback, W., L.J. Mehrhoff, R.W. Enser, S.C. Gawler, R.G. Popp, P. Somers, and D.D. Sperduto, W.D. Countryman, and C.B. Hellquist. 1996. Flora Conservanda: New England. The New England Plant Conservation Program (NEPCoP) list of plants in need of conservation. Rhodora 98: 233-361. Available at

Falk, D.A. and K.E. Holsinger. 1991. Genetics and Conservation of Rare Plants. New York: Oxford University Press.

Falk, D.A., C.I. Miller, and M. Olwell. 1996. Restoring Diversity: Strategies for Reintroduction of Endangered Plants. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Farnsworth, E.J. and J. Rosovsky. 1993. The ethics of ecological field experimentation. Conservation Biology 7: 463-472.

Guarino, L., V. Ramanatha Rao, and R. Reid. 1995. Collecting Plant Genetic Diversity Technical Guidelines. CAB International, Oxon, UK.

Guerrant, E.O. and B.M. Pavlik. 1998. Reintroduction of rare plants: genetics, demography, and the role of ex situ conservation methods. Pp 80-108 in: Fiedler, P.L., and P.M. Kareiva, (eds). Conservation Biology for the Coming Decade. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Guerrant, E.O., Jr., P. Fiedler, K. Havens, and M. Maunder. 2004. Revised genetic sampling guidelines for conservation collections of rare and endangered plants. Pp 419-441 in: Guerrant, E. O., Jr., K. Havens, and M. Maunder, (eds). Ex Situ Plant Conservation: Supporting Species Survival in the Wild. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

National Academy of Sciences. 1995. On Being A Scientist: Responsible Conduct In Research. Second Edition. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. Available at

NatureServe Explorer. 2004. An online encyclopedia of life. Available at

Parkin, M. 2005. Reintroducing native plants into the wild. Position paper for the New England Plant Conservation Program (NEPCoP). Available online at

Pavlik, B.M. 1994. Demographic Monitoring and the Recovery of Endangered Plants. In: M. Bowles and C.J. Whelan (eds). Recovery and Restoration of Endangered Species. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

U.S. Fish and Wildllife Service. 1998. Recovery Plan for Oahu Plants. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon. 207 pp., plus appendices.

Note: See respective plans for other islands.

There are also numerous articles published in journals such as: American Journal of Botany, Conservation Biology, Biological Conservation, BioScience, Journal of Ecology, and Ecology.




Exocarpus luteolus-blm